Production Sound Engineers
Shortly after The Jazz Singer introduced "Talkies" in 1928, Local 695 began to provide Hollywood with the craftspeople and the technical skills to bring sound to Motion Pictures. During the making of a film, we do all the production sound recording. The Production Sound Crew is generally made up of 3 or more people, depending on the complexity of the production.
The Production Sound Mixer controls recording levels and equalization settings and oversees the creative and technical operation of the Production Sound Crew.
The Microphone Boom Operator is responsible for the critical task of microphone placement. The primary tools for the Boom Operator are the "fishpole" or, when space permits, the "Fisher Boom”, which is a special piece of equipment that gives the Boom Operator precise control over the orientation of the microphone.
The Utility Sound Technician provides a variety of much-needed assist skills to the Production Sound Mixer and the Microphone Boom Operator, including the operation of an additional fishpole when needed, assisting during the placement of microphone "plants" (which are hidden microphones that are strategically placed on the set in order to capture dialogue from the actors,) placing radio microphones on actors while hiding the radio transmitters under their wardrobe, assisting with on-set wireless communications and other tasks that help the Production Sound Crew work quickly and avoid delays in production.
In some cases, a Recordist is required to operate and monitor special recording equipment. A Playback Operator is sometimes required to operate equipment to play back music for singers and dancers. Multiple Boom Operators might be needed to help capture dialogue that takes place on very large sets or during complicated scenes. And often, especially during the production of sitcoms, extra Utility Sound Technicians will be used to help move the Fisher Booms during the shot.
Together, they are the Local 695 Production Sound Crew.
Local 695’s Video Engineers operate on-set video recording equipment used in a broad range of Film and Television productions.
The Video Engineer - Video Assist records video and sound of every take of every scene, to be saved and archived for review by the Director or by any production department that might require it, such as to check continuity, composition, lighting and performance. Output from the camera is stored on various media, including analog tape and any of several digital media formats. When required, he or she may also assemble previously shot footage for on-set review by the Director, the Special Effects Supervisor, the Stunt Coordinator, etc. Additionally, they are responsible for high quality wireless transmissions of video when required.
The Video Engineer - Data Capture Operator - Data Management Technician records video and sound when the recording device for the camera is not contained within the camera itself or transfers data from one format to another, creating backups and synchronizing for on-production dailies. In the case of the latest generation of High-Definition video cameras, specialized recorders are used in order to sustain the incredibly high data transfer rates that are generated by these cameras.
The Video Engineer - Playback provides video images that are seen on TV’s and computer monitors appearing in the scene that is being photographed. He or she is responsible for “24-Frame playback” when synchronization with film cameras is required, and will maintain proper exposure and color correction to match shooting conditions and will often assemble the video playback elements prior to their display
Television Broadcast Engineers
Since the first days of broadcast television and the introduction of videotape in the 1950's, Local 695 has provided Television Broadcast Engineers for all aspects of on-air operations. During the early years, live comedy and musical revues performed on theatrical stages were the hallmark of broadcast television. But today, Local 695 Television Engineers are able to take us instantly to virtually anyplace on the planet... and beyond, for that matter. The Television Broadcast Engineers of Local 695 are masters of this technology and, in many instances, were the creators of it. We provide the industry with some of the finest talent in the world, including videotape engineers and technicians who deliver the signal to the transmitting towers, electronic operations and maintenance engineers who operate tape machines, video servers, television broadcast transmitters and satellite receiving and transmitting equipment, and the master control engineers who put it all together.
Projection and Projection Engineers
The work of the projectionist classification includes, but is not limited to, operating all imaging equipment and related sound equipment, whether electronic or film, in the projection booths on location and at the studios. This equipment may include video, high definition video devices, computer images and film projectors as installed by the Projection Engineers. It is the jurisdiction of Projectionists to operate all equipment in the studio screening rooms and on location. Support is also provided for process projection in both categories.
Projection Engineer's duties include, but are not limited, to specify, design, install, calibrate repair and maintain all motion picture imaging and sound playback equipment that is used in production and post production screening rooms, both at the studio and on location. Projection Engineers also support elaborate on-location screenings with their design and setup skills. These two classifications also support audio visual services for the studios, programming playback devices and computers, setting up and operating audio/visual projects.